Atomic Bomb Response Paper

Essay by suomynona1223High School, 11th gradeA, October 2007

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It is universal knowledge that on August 6th, and August 9th of 1945 atomic bombs were dropped on Japan by the United States military. Whether or not this act was justifiable is not so globally agreed upon, and has been under debate for years since the incident. Whether the weapons of mass destruction were honestly believed to be saving thousands of lives, or whether they were used as political stimulants for the up and coming cold war with Russia, no one will ever know.

President Truman gave the order to drop the bomb because he believed that he had to do so. He felt obligated to maintain the reaching for an “unconditional surrender” from the Japanese, and therefore did not see any other methods of getting the Japanese to surrender over a longer period of time suitable. Prior to the Potsdam conference, Secretary of State Hull advised “that ‘terrible political repercussions would follow in the U.S.’

if the unconditional surrender principle would be abandoned” (Zinn 18). Although some were willing to achieve surrender through other means, such as the Russion Red Army declaring war, and invading Japan, the United States also wanted to keep Russia out of the war in Asia. So far the United States had been involved in World War II on almost every front, including west and east Europe, and the Pacific. On a tangent, the United States was dead set on preventing communism to enter Asia, and they wanted to maintain a sense of control and security in the Pacific front. Therefore, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima just one day before Russia was set to declare war on Japan. The bombs are often describes as having been “a diplomatic weapon against the Soviet Union” (Zinn 17). These many contributing factors leave...