Battle of Alamo

Essay by eastside914High School, 11th grade August 2008

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The Battle of the Alamo is the most celebrated military engagement in Texas history. The Alamo was originally called “Misión San Antonio de Valero” The battle included many combatants such as Tennessee congressman David Crockett, adventurer James Bowie and Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Another one was William Barret Travis who achieved lasting distinction as commander at the Alamo. This battle was portrayed as the battle of patriotism sacrifice by Americans and by the Texans. The Alamo is considered to be the home of the missionaries and their Indian converts for nearly seventy years. In 1793, Spanish officials secularized San Antonio’s five mission and distributed the lands to the remaining Indian residents. These people farmed the fields and participated in the growing community of San Antonio.

In the early 1800s, the Spanish military stationed a cavalry unit at the former mission. The solders were referred as to Alamo to honor their hometown Alamo de Parras, Coahuila.

The Alamo was also the home to both Revolutionaries and Royalists in the Mexico’s 10 year struggle for independence; however, the military, continued to occupy Alamo till the Texas Revolution. In the month of December in 1835, Ben Milam led the people of Texas and Tejano volunteers against the Mexican Troops who were in the city. After the 5 consecutive days of fighting, the Texans and the Tejano volunteers forced the General Marin Perfecto de Cos and his soldiers to surrender. This caused the Texans to occupy Alamo.

On February 23, 1836, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna’s army arrived outside San Antonio. For this reason, the Texans and the Tejanos prepared to defend Alamo. For 13 days, the defenders were holding Alamo from the Antonio’s soldiers. Furthermore, the commando of the Alamo, William B. Travis sent out messengers in...