The Bauhaus: A history of the most influential design school of the century.

Essay by bklyneliteUniversity, Bachelor's November 2005

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The Bauhaus was a German school of art and design which was founded in Dessau in 1919, and later moved to Berlin in 1932. "In the words of Wolf von Eckardt, the Bauhaus 'created the patters and set the standards of present-day industrial design; it helped to invent modern architecture; it altered the look of everything from the chair you are sitting in to the page you are reading now." (Whitford, 11) This quote illustrates the influence and importance of the educational ideas on the world we live in today. Because we are a species so obsessed both by our own creativity, and the physical world around us, the methods by which we design our homes and possessions is very important to our intellectual progression, level of stability, and comfort while in our surroundings. This is why the idea's held by the Bauhaus school are so important, because to our current culture they have affected the way we view our world by connecting art with craftsmanship, and bringing the beautiful, functional, and ideal into the reality of our physical world.

The designs created in the Bauhaus era were so beneficial for the most part because their intentions were to connect artistic beauty and creativity to the construction of practical homes, appliances, possessions, inventions, etc. This was the reason that the school was relatively short lived; when the Nazi government took over Germany in 1933, it attempted to purge the nation of what it perceived as decadent and self-indulgent artistic influences. Its first expression of this national course of action was the removal of the Bauhaus, and thus the life of the school merely spanned that of the Weimar Republic, as both began in 1919 and were cut short in 1933. In 1923 a teacher at the school named Oskar Schlemmer...