Biceps and Body Image: The Relationship Between Muscularity and Self-Esteem, Depression, and Eating Disorder Symptoms

Essay by mambueUniversity, Master'sB+, October 2008

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AbstractThe present study examined the body image and the related emotional traits of 154 college men. Many studies that link depression and body dissatisfaction have been conducted with the women population. However, few studies have demonstrated whether depression is correlated with body dissatisfaction or body image distortions in men. Findings suggest that modern American men display a considerable level of discontent about the way they look. This disappointment about their body image is closely associated with depression and the use of performance-enhancing substances. Low self-esteem was also found as an indication of this dissatisfaction about how their body felt.

The article addresses the relationship between muscularity and self-esteem, depression, and eating disorder symptoms. The researchers who conducted this study argue that there has been minimal research focusing on the body image concerns of men. They argue that despite the recent evidence suggesting an increase in body image problems and associated psychopathology among men, the literature in this area remains very limited (Olivardia et.

al 2004). The authors also argue that the existing studies are limited because they only address one or two aspects of body image rather than a comprehensive battery of body image measures. In addition, the authors also mention that very few studies have been conducted to see whether there is a correlation between depression and body image distortions in men. The variables for this particular study are body image and muscularity. The researchers are interested in determining the relationship between those variables and their association with depression, self-esteem and eating disorder symptoms.

The authors presented their hypotheses as eight separate statements. They explain that the study was designed to investigate a large variety of assumptions. Most of the theories derived from the hypothesis that modern men tend to be dissatisfied with their body appearance, possibly because modern...