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CHAPTER 7 VOCAB Acetyl-CoA- forms when a acetyl group combines with coenzyme A.

Adenosine diphosphate- has two attached phosphate groups.

Adenosine monophosphate- has one attached phosphate group.

Adenosine triphosphate- usable energy stored in a molecule.

Aerobic respiration- occurs when pyruvic acid is metabolized using oxygen.

Alcoholic fermentation- is a process that occurs in some plant cells and some unicellular organisms, such as yeast. Pyruvic acid is converted to ethyl alcohol.

Anaerobic respiration- the combines process of glycolysis and fermentation.

ATP synthetase- an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ATP.

Autotoph- plants and other organisms that meet their energy needs by building organic molecules from inorganic substances.

Biochemical pathway- a series of reactions from photosynthesis and respiration.

C4- a form of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide binds to a three-carbon compound found in leaf cells.

Calvin Cycle- dark reactions of photosynthesis in which glucose is produced.

CAM- crassulacean acid metabolism, a form of photosynthesis.

Carotene- an accessory pigment of plants.

Carotenoid- the yellow, orange, and brown plant accessory pigments.

Chemiosmosis- the synthesis of ATP during the passage of H+ through a membrane.

CO2 Fixation- the binding of carbon dioxide to ribulose biophosphate during photosynthesis.

Dark reactions- in photosynthesis, the process by which ATP and NADPH + H+ react with CO2 from the atmosphere and form glucose Electron transport chain- a sequence of reactions in which an electron is passed from one molecule to another molecule in the chain Fermentation- the breakdown of pyruvic acid without the use of oxygen Glycolysis- the breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid Granum- a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast Heterotroph- an organism that cannot make its own food Krebs cycle- the central process of aerobic respiration Lactic acid fermentation- the process by which pyruvic acid is converted to lactic acid Light reactions- the phase of...