The Birth of Venus-Sandro Botticelli-Critical Study

Essay by _courtenay_Junior High, 9th gradeA+, July 2005

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Sandro Botticelli has created this Tempura on canvas painting , it measures 172.5 x 278.5cm and is located in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence .The Birth of Venus belongs to the renaissance period and is not a representation of a Christian legend but an interpretation of a classical Myth. This painting is one of a series which Botticelli was inspired to paint after the written descriptions by the 2nd century historian Lucian. It depicts the classical goddess Venus emerging from the water on a shell , she is being blown towards shore by the Zephyrs (symbols of spiritual passions) there is also an Ore waiting on shore to distribute her with a purple flowered cloak. Its function is to communicate of point of view , as to how the Greek goddess ,Venus, was created. Botticelli has used line and tone to create the effect of a 3-dimensional shell ,the shell appears to be gliding along the top of the water The Birth of Venus is a linear one, yet Venus is depicted with very soft lines, separating her from the rest of the figures.

He has also used a repetitious form of brush-work to create the textured effect of choppy water. The central figure of Venus is slightly moved to the right of the centre line ,while the figures have magnificently drawn outlines and almost appear to be cut-outs placed on an ideal background .At a glance ,Venus is so beautiful that we fail to notice her imperfections; the unnatural length of her neck ,the steep fall of her shoulders and the unusual way her left arm is attached to her body remain unobtrusive. There seems to be a build up of water around the base of the shell suggesting movement and her location in relation to the...