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Origins of C++

What are C++ and OOP?

C++ is an advanced, high-level programming language ("Computer languages") that is used to develop powerful applications for Microsoft® Windows®, many Linux environments, and other well-known and widely used operating systems. C++ is quickly becoming the standard language for commercial software development (Oualline).

OOP, an abbreviation for object-oriented programming is simply code that "attempts to place a new layer of abstraction between the programmer and the data he is working with ... this layer will help the programmer develop better code more quickly than he could do before." (McHale). OOP languages must include four fundamental concepts before it may reasonably be defined as object-oriented (O-O): encapsulation, polymorphism, inheritance and the ability to be dynamic (McHale).

Where did C++ come from?

C++ was designed and implemented by Bjarne Stroustrup who works for AT&T Bell Labs as head of the Large-Scale Program Research department where he is heavily involved with the evolution of his product (Duffy, 98).

His development, originally called "C with classes" was a marriage between a language called Simula67 with object-orientated features and C, which was powerful and efficient in its design.


John Backus at IBM developed Fortran in 1956. Fortran, an abbreviation and acronym for FORmula TRANslation system, is generally considered to be the first high-level programming language. Fortran is, even today, a language of choice among programmers, its latest release, Fortran 90, in 1990. Early versions of this language would be largely criticized today [there were a few problems like the program layout, which had to obey certain criteria like an 80 character maximum line (the length "of a punch card on which the programs were often written") (Parsons) and the first six columns were reserved for labels and comments, denoted by the keyword C]; however, this language influenced...