Cambodia & Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge

Essay by dre_Junior High, 9th gradeA, September 2006

download word file, 2 pages 0.0

Downloaded 17 times

Khmer Rouge is a totalitarian society that ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. The regime, in which its leader was guerrilla commander Pol Pot, rose to power after years of guerrilla warfare. While it ruled, the regime was the cause of many deaths; by murders, worked to death or killed by starvation and around 1.7 million Cambodians died.

The Khmer Rouge forces launched a national insurgency across Cambodia in 1968, whilst North Vietnam sheltered the Khmer Rouge. This made it hard for the Cambodian army to counter the Khmer Rouge, and for the next years the Khmer Rouge grew. As they grew ever stronger, they finally, without fear, declared itself to be the CPK, The Communist Party of Kampuchea. As the insurgency grew stronger, the party finally openly declared itself to be the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK).

Khmer Rouge's rule was brutal; Cambodia was literally turned into a totalitarian horror.

Cambodia became completely sealed off from the outside world and other countries and split into areas and zones. The main cities and towns were cleared, the populace driven to live in the countryside to learn the simple life of a peasant. Institutions such as family and religion were banned. Money became worthless as time went on.

The Khmer Rouge steadfast belief that they could create communism in Cambodia in a short time was a failure. By 1976, they blamed this failure not on themselves but other enemies, the Vietnamese and American. In the years, many more thousands were killed in Khmer Rouge's attempt to purify their revolution In the next three years thousands were purged in an effort to purify their revolution.

Undoubtedly there were a fair few in the party that did not support Pol Pot. The Khmer Rouge was after all a combination of...