can child mortality be easily reduced?

Essay by sadakosaHigh School, 10th gradeA+, August 2014

download word file, 7 pages 0.0

IH essay (Child Mortality)

Child mortality refers to the death of infants and children under the age of five.

Even child mortality is not on the increase, 128 child deaths per 1,000 live births in 2009 in Nigeria is not a good number. Child mortality is especially prominent in less developed nations in the Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa and some other regions. Thus, this essay will be scoping to those countries where child mortality is an especially worrying trend. Much effort and many steps have been taken in order to mitigate and alleviate this worrying problem. The measures, be it effective or not, will at least have some use in reducing the problem. However, the measures we hope to look for are those that are effective and efficient. Thus, this essay will be exploring within the scope that the reduced problem will be one where it becomes more of a natural problem due to natural complications with little external factors to increase its potency, essentially allowing the child mortality rate in those countries with this problem to match those of more developed nations.

Therefore, this essay seeks to explore why child mortality is a problem that cannot be easily reduced as the measures implemented can either be efficient or effective but not both. This will be done through the analysis of the causes followed by the study of present and possible measures.

Many similar reasons for the high child mortality rates in such countries have been highlighted out. These reasons include lack of health facilities, water pollution and malnutrition.

The lack of health facilities due to poor economy, lack of resources or gender discrimination results in child mortality.

In the countries where child mortality is high, the high fertility rate resulting in big family sizes thus developing the need to...