Career Development

Essay by zhangluyang March 2004

download word file, 10 pages 4.8 2 reviews


A career is a series of engagements by an individual in work assignments spread over time and roughly corresponding with some form of plan or pattern in terms of the skills, knowledge, and attitudes currently required or required after training and education. (E-Book concept)

According to general theory, career is a set of occupational experiences and roles that makes up a persons' working life. Career management researchers unanimously agree that career management processes have witnessed considerable changes in recent times. These changes are in direct response to the shifts in the labor market and the social and economic environments in general. The changes in approach to career and in career opportunities are being driven by many factors such as globalization, information technology, life style changes, new organization structures, and the evolving needs of corporations.

In this paper, I would like to use Schein's theory of career development to describe the opportunities that are available to employees in today's organizations.

So that we can see how individuals are successfully using the strategies suggested by Schein to further their career.

Different aspects of career development

Everyone who works has a career. Career is a way to describe that people move from

one position to another. They are "carried" and that is happening in different

Directions. (Arthur, Hall and Lawrence, 1989)

"Successful careers are not planned. They develop when people are prepared for opportunities because they know their strengths, their method of work, and their values. Knowing where one belongs can transform an ordinary person-hard-working and competent but otherwise mediocre-into an outstanding performer." (E-Book, Model 12)

A career, according to Schein (1992), is a set of occupational experiences and roles

that make up a person's work life (p. 207). Everyone has a career anchor even if many

occupations means few opportunities for...