Checks and Balances

Essay by lionsgurlUniversity, Bachelor'sB, September 2009

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The U.S government has a built in "check and balance" system in the Constitution.

This system was built so that one branch of the government could never become toopowerful. Each branch is controlled by the other two.

The power of the Executive branch is in the President, who is Commander inChief of the Armed Forces. The President appoints the Cabinet and oversees the variousagencies and departments of the federal government. The Presidential candidate must bea natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years of age, and have resided inthe United States for at least 14 years. Once elected, the President serves a term of fouryears and may be re-elected only once. The re-elected term is called a lame-duck termbecause after eight years in office the President can not be re-elected for the nextconsecutive term.

The Judicial branch hears cases that challenge or require interpretation of the lawsof the land.

It consists of the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts. Appointees tothe federal bench serve for life or until they voluntarily resign retire or are impeached forwrong doing by the congress. The Supreme Court is the most visible of all the federalcourts. It is the highest court in the land and its decision can not be appealed on any casebrought before it . Congress, rather than the Constitution, determines the number ofJustices who can serve in the federal and Supreme Courts. The Court has been composedof one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. Justices are nominated by the Presidentand confirmed by the Senate.

The Legislative branch of the federal government consists of the Congress, whichis divided into two houses; the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House ofRepresentatives are elected to represent an area of people. It is a membership based onstate population, with 435...