Chemical Dependency

Essay by marjorineUniversity, Master'sA+, July 2009

download word file, 6 pages 5.0

University of PhoenixAddiction is "A chronic disease involving a number of brain chemistry disorders" (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1999). Chemical dependency in adolescents and adults can be described as ones compulsive over use of chemicals (alcohol or drugs) and the inability to refrain from its use regardless of the consequences or outcome that arise from their use. The signs and symptoms that adults and adolescents exhibit range from loss of jobs, family to changes in ones mood to subtle or drastic changes in ones overall appearance. Treating adolescents and adults for substance abuse requires special consideration technique and understanding. The author of this paper will examine the development and progression of substance abuse and chemical dependency in the adolescent and adult population, as well as the bio-psychosocial issues around adolescent and adult substance abuse and chemical dependency. The author will also include a brief definition of epidemiology and, a diagnosis of addiction as it is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.

The author will also provide treatment options towards possible recovery in the diseases that range in severity followed up by a brief conclusion.

Adolescents and AdultsThe patterns of abuse amongst adolescents are astonishingly different from the patterns of adults. The ways in which both groups perceive tasks, risks, and emotions may be taken into consideration due to ones progression of the chemical in which one is dependent upon. According to an study conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services, statistics were used that compared the drug use amongst adults and adolescents the results showed variations in the different age group categories with significant ratios towards adolescents. The rate for chemical dependency or abuse was 1.2 percent at age 12, and rates generally increased for each successive year of age until the highest rate...