Child Developmental Psychology

Essay by szsoomroCollege, UndergraduateA, October 2004

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At birth child cries to inform hunger or discomfort. Crying decreases when the child is 3 months old. The child babbles regularly and recognizes own name and imitates sound between six to nine months. Now approaching the first birthday child understands the meaning of several things & mostly of what is said to him.

Visual perception

At birth child can identify dim and bright lights. Prefers strong contrast in colors like black and white, startles at loud noise and can recognize parents. When 1 month old, child can see object upto 15 inches away and upto 25 feet away when three-month-old. Vision is entirely developed in the sixth month. At the end of first year child develops the capability to lower and raise the pitch of voice.

Physical development

During the first three months child can lift head and chest when lying. During sixth month can roll over and sit with livelihood.

By the end of ninth month first teeth begin to appear and turns head when no longer hungry. By the end of the first year the child uses finger and thumb to pick up an object and walks holding onto furniture or with adult help.

Cognitive development

At birth babies can mimic simple, particular facial expression. At the end of third month child stops sucking. Ignores any negative stimuli by going to sleep. Remember an object seen before and can differentiate between people & objects. Responds to voices by stopping everything to listen. Make eye contact with others, enjoys making human faces, and smiles when the parents are near and tries to get their attention. Between four to six months child can distinguish between actual facts and photographs. At the end of sixth month the child begins to visualize and relate objects. Problem solving inclination gets developed...