Children in the World

Essay by almeqdad88University, Bachelor'sA, December 2009

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The international movement towards the protection of children is not a new movement since the beginning of this century. It has been developed through three main stages. The first stage was between 1924-1959 through the declaration of Geneva; it considered the child as a weak creature mainly in case of war and catastrophes. Also, the Second World War was an incentive factor to improve the way children were looked after. Then, various reports appeared like Monkton which insisted on founding a single local authority to shoulder the care of children deprived of a normal home life. Such an event remained the corner-stone of the emergence of voluntary organizations in child care. The second stage began from 1960-1987. In this stage, the issue of children must have special care from the whole world. Such gains were thanks to a series of world summits, and agreement for the child as well as to numerous campaigns against the high profile of child abuse and exploitation.

Thus, children are regarded as weak creatures needing care and protection but rather as humans with special rights. The third stage has started since 1989. It has been the rosy period for a child; child care reached its peak by dint of the Convention of Children’s Rights (CCR). In this stage, a child has been regarded as a human being with an independent personality. Indeed, the purpose of all these efforts has been to ensure the full enjoyment of a better life or children in their societies.

Over the span of these sixteen years much development has been made in the area of children’s rights. The entry into force of the CCR helped to accord a political priority to children. For instance, a record 191 countries signed the convention. Some 155 prepared national programmes of actions to implement...