China and the Invasion, Implications and Intervention of the Korean War

Essay by evdawgUniversity, Bachelor'sA, November 2003

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Max Hastings, an author of several novels dealing with numerous war events including The Korean War stated that, "[t]here is no evidence that China played a significant role in the North Korean decision to go to war. ". This paper will clash with Max Hastings' scholarly statement because the Chinese must have been intimately involved in the process of creating the Korean War in order to be able to defeat American, South Korean, and United Nations infantry en route to establishing a Chinese frontline south of Seoul and across the Han River by January of 1951 . A mere intervention by a poorly equipped Chinese army simply can not constitute their great accomplishment of pushing the "friendly forces" south of the 38th parallel. Thus, through exploring the Soviet influence on China's new Communist regime, identifying China's involvement in the plotting of the June 25th invasion, and by identifying China's position after the opposition imposes on North Korea's June 25th invasion, an understanding that China played a very important, intimate, and significant role in plotting and intervening in the Korean War can be established.

Since China's defeat in the Opium Wars of 1842, China had searched for its dignity, self-respect, and scapegoat to supremacy for over one hundred years. China struggled to find their national and international political "niche" as well as a sense of where they belonged as a people in the world. On October 1, 1949 the Chinese question seemed to be solved as, "The Peoples Republic of China was formally inaugurated... and was officially recognized by the Soviet Union [as a Communist regime] the following day. ". On October 2, 1949 China embarked on a new era in their very colourful history. For the next three to four years, China and the Soviet Union would develop a very...