"The Civil War: Major Battles and Important People"

Essay by bmurphy2High School, 10th gradeA+, November 2007

download word file, 2 pages 5.0

The Civil war was one of the most important events in our nation's history. There were many heroes on the union side, such as Abraham Lincoln. However, there was more than one hero on the confederate side, such as Stonewall Jackson. There were many causes of the civil war such as radicals and states rights. And there also were many events that affected the outcome of this war. One of these was the Emancipation Proclamation. This war was very interesting and it's enjoyable to read about. Of all the causes of the Civil War, I think these two were the most important. The first were radicals. Preston Brooks was considered a radical after he knocked Charles Sumner unconscious because he wrote a speech about his family and there problems.

Bull Run, the first major battle of the Civil War, was fought in Virginia, near Manassas, on July 21, 1861.

The main general of the Federal army was Brigadier General Irwin McDowell, whose forces consisted of 30,000 men split into five divisions. General Joseph E. Johnston led the Confederate army, with about 22,000 men, though his army was not yet organized. Bull Run was fought to defend Richmond, which the Union thought they could rush, and end the war quickly. McDowell's troops suffered greatly from inexperience, but his plans were designed for experience troops. This gave the Confederates time to dig in, and when the slow-moving Union army finally reached the battlefield, they made their move, a risky one at that.

In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as president of the United States of America, the repercussions of which led to a civil war. However, it was not only Lincoln's election that led to civil war, but also the slavery debate between the northern and southern states and the...