Classical Liberalism and World Peace

Essay by dimsim81 September 2006

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Since the end of the First World War in 1918, the world has been in search of international order and global peace through the political method of international organization.

The League of Nations was seen as the great hope for world peace and security. Its failure in the years between the two world wars was taken as proof that a better and stronger organization was needed if yet a third world war was to be prevented.

Out of the ashes of World War II emerged the United Nations. Once again were heard the heralds proclaiming that world peace and security were in man's reach. And, once more, mankind's hopes were dashed during the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Now, in the post-Cold War era, the world is in search of global peace once again. The belief that international order and security could develop out of international organizations has been frustrated once again as the United States continues on its course of unilateral foreign interventionism to bring peace and democracy to the world.

But the quest for world peace through either political internationalism or unilateralism is a false path to the goal of ending global conflicts.

During the 20th century, when peace was pursued through international organizations such as the League of Nations and the UN, the world suffered from wars, civil wars, and mass murders on a scale that practically exceeds the capacity of the human mind to comprehend.

Wars and domestic political murder by governments around the world have resulted in the deaths of more than 370 million people during the last 100 years.

The 19th century

In stark contrast, during the 100 years between 1815 and 1914, when no global political organizations for world peace existed, wars were few in...