Community crime.Can community participation really help reduce crime?

Essay by jumbo9041University, Master'sC, March 2005

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High rates of criminal activities unfortunately are an essential feature of modern urban life in most countries. The conditions of living, psychological and social issues evolving in cities often favour deviating, criminal behaviour. Situations, with this kind of behaviour becomes even a socially accepted norm within a given community, are met, unfortunately, quite often.. The Police are and always will be the first line of defence when tackling crime Whilst there are many forms of policing available to them including foot and mobile patrols along with community Policing with high presence/visibility, McNamara argues that only a multi disciplinary partnership can succeed against crime with residents being the foundation of any fight that tackles the problems of society. Therefore In order to understand the question we have to examine some of the evidence that is documented with regard to community crime initiatives that have worked in a multi partnership. These partnerships have involved the police, residents and the voluntary and private sector and it is not just simply about applying the "Broken Window" theory to estates.

There have been the successes with regard to projects that have worked in partnership one being the Kirkholt project. In applying the same principles from Kirkholt one can see some success and arguably set the standard for any project that was about to follow in it' wake with regard to working in partnership with residents more so on a local level in Brandon Co Durham. Whilst it will be shown these projects achieved their aim, there is however those who will not take advantage of these projects and carry on with a criminal agenda. In 1991 the Government introduced referral orders a major move on the Governments behalf in addressing the alleged problem of youth crime. This culminated in the Youth offender Panel Implemented by...