Comparison of U.S. and China Constitutions.

Essay by nicolemt14University, Bachelor'sA, December 2005

download word file, 2 pages 0.0

While comparing the United States Constitution and the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, it is easy to see differences and similarities. The primary difference in the two constitutions (as far as format and layout are concerned), besides length, is the number of amendments or articles held in each constitution. The United States has added twenty-seven somewhat open-to-interpretation amendments, which is quite meager compared to China's clean-cut and very specific one hundred thirty-eight amendments.

Another difference can be found in the economic structures of the countries. The United States is known to be the largest capitalist nation in the world, whereas China is known as the largest socialist regime. These very different economic attitudes are reflected in their respective constitutions. Where these two nations stray economically, they nearly diverge completely as one morally, ethically, and they are both fundamentally sound.

A key difference between China and the United States is the structure of each government.

The United States calls itself a democratic republic and has elected officials and a cyclic voting system. China, on the other hand, is a socialist state. In China, power is held in the hands of the people and in those of the elected National People's Congress and Local People's Congress. The Chinese people rely on themselves and their peers to make wise political decisions. This is very different from the United States, where we heavily rely on elected political leaders.

There are many other differences between these two countries that are revealed in their constitutions. For example, in China, all natural resources, city land, and rural land are owned either by collectives or by the state of China. There is no private land, unless it has been inherited. This is extremely different from the United States where citizens may own practically any land...