Comparison of the Unifications of Italy and Germany

Essay by emthor22High School, 11th gradeA-, November 2014

download word file, 7 pages 0.0

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction 1

Chapter 2: Similarities 1-4

Division of Each Country 1

The Leading States 1-2

iii. Involvement of Napoleon III 2-3

iv. Failed Revolutions 3

v. Nationalism 3-4

Chapter 3: Differences 4-6

i. Leaders 4

ii. Context of Unification 4-5

iii. Great Powers 5

iv. Unitary vs. Federal States 5

v. The Goal of Each Nation 5-6

Chapter 4: Conclusion 6

Chapter 1: Introduction

Both Italy and Germany became unified in the mid to late 1800s after years of unrest that started with the 1815 Congress of Vienna, where both of these countries were split up into many states. One can compare and contrast these unification processes because they had many similarities and differences. In order to properly assess these situations one needs to look at the individual factors that led to unification and how they can be compared. While there were similarities in the Unifications of Italy and Germany, overall the processes were very different.

Chapter 2: Similarities

Division of each Country

Despite the differences in the unifications of these two nations, there are some clear similarities in the factors that let to unification. One of the most obvious similarities one can point out is the fact that in order to be unified, these countries were separated first. From 1815 to Unification, Germany was separated into 39 states, whereas Italy was separated into 11. The separation of these nations was decided at the 1815 Congress of Vienna, and they were separated for different reasons. Italy was divided into the 11 original states it had been in before the Napoleonic era; whereas the number of states in Germany was significantly reduced from somewhere around 300 to 39.

The Leading States

One of the main similarities as far as the unification process is that for both...