Consumer Confidence

Essay by blueyyHigh School, 12th gradeA-, September 2009

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1.0 IntroductionConsumer confidence is the perception held by consumers in relation to the state of the economy. Consumer confidence shapes the Australian economy, whether in times of hardship, or prosperity. Although consumer confidence is unable to be precisely measured, it remains a cause and product of the state of the economy, making it a valid and reliable indicator. Consumer confidence has various positive and negative affects on the economy, shaping prices, employment and most importantly productivity. Although consumer confidence is simply the perception of consumers in relation to the economy, governments must implement measures to shape and sway consumer confidence. (CONCLUDING SENTENCE)3.0 Consumer Confidence in the economyIn the early 1990’s Westpac Banking began collecting statistics that revealed how consumers felt about their economic situation. It was immediately apparent that the information that they were generating was useful in predicting the likely future movements in the Australian economy. A calculation of the consumer confidence within an economy is called the Consumer Confidence Index (CCI).

In the most simplistic terms, when their confidence is trending up, consumers spend money, indicating a healthy economy. It has long been recognised that the consumer’s response to events such as share-market crashes, petrol price increases, interest rate increases and other economic threats, are more important than the events themselves. When confidence is trending down, consumers are saving more than they are spending, indicating the economy is in trouble. The idea is that the more confident people feel about the stability of their incomes, the more likely they are to make purchases.

Consumer confidence plays a major role in a countries economy, currently evident in the United States. Recently economists have claimed that the country is already in a recession. If this is correct, the likeliness of a global slowdown is high. These effects are...