Contingency Planning

Essay by psbutler1University, Bachelor'sB+, May 2004

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1. Some kinds of planning situations are "programmed" and some are "unprogrammed." Why is it generally easier to work in programmed situations? What can happen to programmed plans when there is an unexpected event? Strategic planning is a management tool. As with any management tool, it is used for one purpose only: to help an organization do a better job - to focus its energy, to ensure that members of the organization are working toward the same goals, to assess and adjust the organization's direction in response to a changing environment. . The attacks have unleashed planning tools that are usually used in quarterly, annual, and strategic planning at every level of organization and reapplied them to plan for unexpected events. In short, strategic planning is a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization is, what it does, and why it does it, with a focus on the future.

Unplanned is not following or structured according to an overall plan or program. Planned programs are more organized and you know what to expect. Programmed plans can be thrown off schedule if unexpected events occur. Unprogrammed plans allow more flexibility. Unprogrammed are unorganized and become more of a problem when no one knows what to expect. Many companies are forced to make immediate and sometime drastic changes in their operations. Many large and small businesses around the country face crises within minutes, hours, or days of the actual attacks. Strategic planning is only useful if it supports strategic thinking and leads to strategic management - the basis for an effective organization. Perhaps, more precisely, it means making that assessment using three key requirements about strategic thinking: a definite purpose be in mind; an understanding of the environment, particularly of the forces that affect...