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Criminal Justice System Court Paper: Roles and Issues in the Criminal Justice System

Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Daisy Huang, Sonia Sharma, Jenna Sickmuller, Gurjeet Uppal and Amanda Wood

Criminology 1101, Allan Speevak, May 26, 2014

Criminal Justice Proceedings encompass many different individuals whom are responsible for a variety of roles. Beginning the moment one is caught engaging in criminal behaviour and continuing through court appearances and sentencing; one may be exposed to a variety of individuals with specific roles which help to monitor behaviour and keep the Criminal Justice System functioning in an effective manner. Although the roles are numerous, there are many factors that inhibit the efficiency of Criminal Justice procedures. This document will examine the roles and responsibilities of; Judges, Crown counsel (prosecution), the Sheriff, Bail, and Probation Officers, along with some of the limitations or struggles that may negatively impact these aspects of the Criminal Justice System.

Judge Criminal court judges have many important roles in a trial. Judges are individuals with extensive legal backgrounds, who have been appointed by either the provincial or federal government. They preside over the courtroom, ensuring that the rules of the court are observed and the trial is properly conducted in all respects. They also are in charge of interpreting the law, hearing evidence in court, and deciding the sentence of legal cases. When a case first comes to the court, the judge must decide whether there is enough evidence to support a reasonable belief that a crime has occurred and also that the person in question committed that crime. However, it is not easy to become a judge. The Canadian Superior Courts Judges Association mentioned that the candidates must have at least 10 years of experience as a lawyer, yet most have been practicing law for far longer(How Superior Court...