Covert Operation. A good paper on the CIA's involvement in Panamas' drug war

Essay by Anonymous UserUniversity, Ph.D.A-, May 1996

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In the 1950's, the repression of domestic political dissent reached near

hysteria. In the process the CIA's covert operations, already in progress in

Europe, expanded worldwide. By 1953, according to the 1970's Senate

investigation, there were major covert programs under way in 48 countries,

consisting of propaganda, paramilitary, and political action operations. In

1949, the agency's covert action department had about 300 employees and 47

stations. In the same period, the budget for these activities grew from $4.7

million to $82 million. In this paper I will discuss the United States' use of

covert actions using Panama and Nicaragua as examples. I had planned on

writing my paper on Manuel Noriega and his connections with the CIA but

the more I read into him I found the major topic outlying him was much more

interesting. So with that I will continue on with this paper showing my

findings on the CIA and thier covert operations.

Covert operations have become a way of life and death for millions of

people world wide who have lost their lives to these actions. By 1980, covert

operations were costing billions of dollars. CIA Director William Casey was

quoted as saying "covert actions were the keystone of U.S. policy in the

Third World."(Agee, 2) Throughout the CIA's 45 years, one president after

another has used covert operations to intervene secretly, and sometimes not

so secretly , in the domestic affairs of other countries, presuming their affairs

were ours. Almost always, money was spent for activities to prop up

political forces considered friendly to U.S. interests, or to weaken and destroy

those considered unfriendly or threatening.

The friends were easy to define, they were those who believed and

acted like us, took orders and cooperated. Until the collapse of communism

in Eastern Europe, enemies were also...