The Culture of Ukraine Rather juvenile investigation into the beliefs and customs of the people of the Ukraine.

Essay by MahalingamVajpaiMiddle School, 6th gradeA-, February 2004

download word file, 3 pages 3.0

The Culture of


The Ukrainian people have made a spirited effort to preserve

their cultural heritage. There are several outdoor museum villages

which display buildings, craft, and living conditions of the past

century. Folk dancing and music festivals are often held with

traditional, regional music and costumes.

The theater scene in Ukraine is pretty lively. Performances

are mostly in Russian or Ukrainian. The Kyiv Opera House is the

home to many opera and ballet companies of considerable talent

and with extensive repertoires. Government subsidies make opera

and theater broadcasts less expensive. The Kyiv Philharmonic

Concert Hall, a nineteenth century church with a pipe organ, and

the Kyiv Opera House have a scheduled program that includes

performances by the Odessa Philharmonic Orchestra.

Ukrainian contemporary art includes painting and sculpture

in a wide range of both experimental and traditional styles. note:

Are you noticing that, like practically every other cultural report,

this paper is giving you the impression that, if you didn't know

any better, Ukraine would still be in the eighteenth century, and I

don't remember any ugly municipal parking garages in the

eighteenth century, and therefore this paper is not entirely

accurate. Icons and folk arts are portrayed in museums, and

contemporary versions are skillfully done and can be purchased in

art galleries and shops. There are several art museums in Kyiv as

well as a Kyivian history museum. There are house museums

containing Ukrainian and European art. The former Lean

Museum, now referred to as the Ukrainian National House, uses

its exhibition space to display numerous small exhibits. In addition

to art, many museums have collections and exhibits on botany,

zoology, geology, archaeology, and aerospace. How the Ukrainian

government fits approximately fifty-three million people in with

all those museums and concert halls is a great demographic


Eleven years of schooling are mandatory in Ukraine, so the

secondary school system is a matter for the government. Schools

are state run, (Of course they're state run. Did you ever see a

government program that was privately run?) and deviation from

the curriculum established by the Ministry of Education is

frowned upon. The objective of the secondary schools is to give

students a good knowledge of the fundaments of the arts and

sciences, as well as to teach them to use these fundaments


Students begin schooling at age six. Because there are no

individual buildings for elementary, junior high, and high schools,

students remain in the same building until they graduate.

After the ninth grade students have the option of entering a

technical school program. These can last from one year (if the

student enters after graduating from secondary school) to three

years (if the student enters after ninth grade). Entering a college or

university in Ukraine is very competitive in Ukraine. Applicants

must produce a certificate of graduation from a secondary school

and to pass difficult examinations. I mean the kind of

examinations that would make the Graduate Record Exam look

like a two-year-old putting together blocks.

Educational policy favors the study of science and

technology. Kyiv is rich in institutes of higher learning. Mohylo

Academy is a private liberal arts university recently built on the

site of Ukraine's first university, which was founded in the

seventeenth century. Among the other new facilities is a school of

law that offers courses in both Ukrainian and English. There are

many American graduate students studying in Ukraine under a

program administered by the International Research and Exchange

Board (IREX) program. Professors from the United States conduct

courses in American literature (an near-oxymoron) and other

subjects under the Fulbright program.

The switch from labor to leisure in Ukraine is not as planned

as in other countries. Ukrainians generally work as hard at one

task as possible so that they needn't try again.

There are a variety of ways Ukrainians do spend their leisure

time. One popular way is to combine the relaxations of drinking,

eating, singing, and get some fresh air. This is also known as

going to a picnic to get drunk, after which you eat enough chili to

give all of southeast Asia heartburn. If you can obtain tickets,

movies, ballets, and plays are a favorite weekend diversion.

Sports complexes can be found in nearly every major city in

Ukraine. These complexes usually house a swimming pool,

facilities for aerobics, boxing, and team sports. There are sports

academies for students, or they may use their own school facilities.

But if none of the above is available, a grassy surface in a park

will suffice. Adults also take part in amateur competitive sports.

Their most popular sports are soccer (with good reason),

basketball, volleyball, hockey, and boxing. Tennis is slowly

gaining popularity, and the Ukrainians have again proven their

intelligence, for there are no golf courses in all of Ukraine.