Essay by jnel66University, Bachelor'sB-, May 2014

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Introduction to curriculum studies


1.Differentiate between the formal, informal and hidden curriculum

Clearly outline the main steps / process in developing a formal curriculum. In you presentation, develop a literacy curriculum for a specific grade level in term at either primary or secondary level of education.

Curriculum refers to the plan and structured work which school have to give students reason to achieve educational outcome. It is a complete series of work that highlights the courses and materials that will be taught in the syllabus. It offers planned and organized experience to students and it is the schools responsibility to design a curriculum that ensures objectives are met. Curriculum can be group work or individuals assigned and it can take place inside and outside of the school. It is there to define the work of the teachers, these work also include the textbooks, materials and resources used.

The ministry of education 1974 states that curriculum is "the sum of the experiences organised in and by the school for the pupils' benefit.

It includes as well, methods and instructional materials which are used to give meaning to these experiences"

The purpose of the curriculum is to help schools function more effectively.

There are different types of curriculum; these are formal, informal and hidden curriculum. The Formal curriculum is what appears in a teacher's lesson plan as it is what students are taught from the syllabus. This means that this curriculum is planned with objectives, learning contents and resources. An example of formal curriculum is the teacher's lesson plan and the structure and events that will take place in the lesson in terms of learning and test scores can identify how effective the formal curriculum was.

The Informal curriculum is not as official as the formal curriculum meaning that it...