This is from a DBQ: Despite being settled by people of English origin, a difference in the development of the New England and Chesapeake regions occurred by 1700.

Essay by appalachinHigh School, 10th gradeA+, November 2004

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The regions evolved into "two distinct societies". The settlers of these regions differed in motives for leaving England, and in the types of governments they enacted once arriving. In addition, each region was comprised of dissimilar populations, skills and lifestyles. This had a major impact on the development of these distinct regions.

The Chesapeake and New England colonies developed differently as a result of their motives for leaving England. Having been persecuted by King James I and his son Charles I, the Puritans secured a charter and established a settlement in Massachusetts. They were well educated and often wealthy merchants and artisans. Their view of life was one of work being essential and that God gave one success. As a result, New Englanders sought out employment and used all the resources available. Religious leaders had enormous power and there was a puritan ethic. John Winthrop the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company preached his "Model of Christian Charity" written in 1630.

This speech laid out his expectations for the future colony. He stressed the point that God had planned the world so that "we must be knit together in this work as one man" and "entertain each other in brotherly affection" (Doc. A). He believed that only Puritans could be freemen. In America, Winthrop asserted, "we shall be as a city upon a hill the eyes of the people upon us." Winthrop visualized a community in which each person put the good of the many before the good of the individual and all lived in harmony. In this community there would be a colonial legislature and also granted the status of freeman, or voting member of the company, to all property-owning adult male church members. The initial colonists were merchants who hoped to become richer through acquiring precious metals and...