A decent essay about Eugenics, Human genetics controversy

Essay by DubC82Junior High, 8th gradeA, June 2002

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The Controversy on Eugenics in the American Culture

Heredity improvement by genetic control. Why would people want to control

heredity? What exactly is genetic control? These are some things that people have been

questioning for decades. Eugenics can not be ignored because it is suddenly coming up

everywhere. People are experimenting and taking huge risks not to their knowledge. At

one point in time it was said that eugenics could change the world for the better. That is

how some people could look at it, and others frightened that it would change the entire

universe. Early in the twentieth century science had to deal with the conditions that

improve the inborn qualities of a race. Eugenesists not only wanted to improve the

well-being of others, but enclose to fewer races and religions. This was all a part of the

American eugenics movement.

The eugenics movement advocated both positive and negative eugenics, which

referred to attempts to increase reproduction by fit stocks and to decrease reproduction by

those who were constitutionally unfit.

Positive eugenics included eugenic education and

tax preferences and other financial support for eugenically fit large families. Eugenical

segregation and usually, sterilization restrictive marriage laws, including

anti-miscegenation statutes, and restrictive immigration laws formed the three parts of the

negative eugenics program. From the beginning, the eugenics movement was a racialist

and elitist movement concerned with the control of classes seen to be socially inferior. In

proposing the term eugenics, Galton had written, "We greatly want a brief word to

express the science of improving the stock...to give the more suitable races or strains of

blood a better chance of prevailing speedily over the less suitable than they otherwise

would have had.

Modern eugenics was rooted in the social Darwinism of the late 19th century, with

all its metaphors...