Decribe what and how the FOREX market works in Australia

Essay by JonorosieHigh School, 11th gradeB+, June 2003

download word file, 4 pages 5.0

The Foreign Exchange Market is the buying and selling of various currencies. The exchange rate of the Australian dollar is the price of 1 unit (1 dollar) expressed in terms of another currency. The 2 most common measures of the exchange rate used in Australia are:

*The Exchange rate against the US dollar

*The trade-weighted index (TWI)

The measure against the US dollar is important because trading of the Australian dollar in the Forex market is highly concentrated against the US dollar.

The measure of the TWI is a much more accurate one. The TWI comprises of 26 different trading partners of Australia. Each country has a relative share in the TWI according to the amount of trade it does with Australia. This allows the currency to be measured against many different currencies which give a much more general and accurate exchange rate of the currency as it is an average of all the countries with an impact on the Australian economy.

When the AUD is only measured against 1 currency (the US dollar), it can be very misleading because it may be falling against that particular currency but rising against another.

Table 1: TWI Weights

As at September 1997

Currency Weight (%)

Japanese yen 17.9620

US dollar 16.2446

NZ dollar 6.9162

South Korean won 6.7668

Chinese renminbi 5.4598

UK pound 5.2845

New Taiwan dollar 4.3069

Singapore dollar 4.2186

German mark 3.9374

Indonesian rupiah 3.6225

Malaysian ringgit 2.9571

Hong Kong dollar 2.8021

Italian lira 2.5644

Thai baht 2.0273

French franc 1.9487

Canadian dollar 1.7124

PNG kina 1.6493

Indian rupee 1.4501

Swedish krona 1.2040

Belgian franc 1.1802

Philippine peso 1.0560

UAE dirham 1.0280

South African rand 1.0084

Netherlands guilder 0.9831

Saudi Arabian riyal 0.9158

Swiss franc 0.7938

Total 100.0000

Supply and Demand Factors

We are used to thinking of a cook...