Defining the Four Functions of Management.

Essay by buttrfly11A+, November 2005

download word file, 3 pages 2.3

The four functions of management are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Management in a company or even in your home life is to be able to reach the goals set in an organized way by being as efficient and effective as possible. Management is creative problem solving.

Planning is the management function of systematically making decisions about the goals and activities that an individual, a group, a work unit, or the overall organization will pursue in the future. Without a plan you basically have nothing to organize. In this function, you are setting goals and objectives, then you schedule the steps to achieve the goals in a certain time. You need to be able to set the goals and decide the best way to achieve them by analyzing, anticipating and figuring out the resources. Completing a SWOT analysis will save you almost an entire hour in the planning process (Rowland, R.

p.4). SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

Organization is coordinating everything needed to achieve the goal set out in the plan. In this function, they are allocating and configuring resources to accomplish the goals and objectives. To achieve maximum efficiency, everything has to pull together. Lines of communication really govern day-to-day operations. Your manager has to recognize that while charts, as a resource, are necessary to define responsibility and accountability, they cannot be allowed to define channels of communication.

Leading is establishing direction and influencing people to follow that direction, motivation. This function involves the manager's efforts to stimulate high performance by employees. Employees need leaders who can communicate effectively and help guide them in achieving their goals.

Controlling - This function is monitoring and changing resources and processes to achieve goals and objectives in a highly effective and efficient way. Managers need to seriously think about...