Describe Malaysia and Singapore basic Internet Infrastructure

Essay by kashif007University, Master'sB, January 2010

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The telecommunication infrastructure of Singapore spans the entire city-state. Its development level is high, with close accessibility to the infrastructure from nearly all inhabited parts of the island and for all of the population, with exceptions. As of 2005, there were almost 90 million phone lines in Singapore, close to 47 million of which also served other telecommunication devices like computers and facsimile machines. Underwater telephone cables have been laid that lead to Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

3. Malaysian Internet OverviewMalaysia's telecommunications network is more advanced than any other in South-east Asia with the exception of Singapore. In 2000, the number of telephone lines per 1,000 population in Malaysia stood at 210, more than twice of Thailand, and six to eight times that of the Philippines and Indonesia. Use of cellular phones is growing rapidly in Asian countries.

The Malaysian government has been an enthusiastic supporter of Internet technology since the early nineties, and has employed a range of policies to encourage Malaysian businesses to venture online.

It has also invested in large projects such as the Multimedia Super Corridor, a 50km area stretching north from the Kuala Lumpur International Airport which has attracted more than 900 local and international IT and communication companies.

The network contains a high-speed link (10Gb/s network) that connects the MSC to Japan, ASEAN, the US and Europe, and is capable of supporting extensive public administration, education and business applications. The intent of the superhighway is to provide quality access to global information as quickly and easily as possible.

The number of Internet users increased from 13,000 in 1995 to about 9.8m in December 2007. There are five major Internet service providers in Malaysia in 2001.

As with market trends in most economies, demand for telecommunications services in Malaysia is expected to continue to expand rapidly over the next five years. Malaysia has a well-developed telecom infrastructure.

As of June 2007 there are 652,000 ADSL connections. TMnet, a subsidiary of Telekom Malaysia, is Malaysia's largest Internet service provider.

In Singapore, there are more than 4,114,500 internet subscribers (as of June 2008). There are four major Internet Service Providers in Singapore, namely, SingNet, StarHub Internet, Pacnet and MobileOne. Over the years, the Singapore Government has been promoting the usage of broadband internet access, as part of its Intelligent Nation 2015 master plan. Singapore, as a small densely populated island nation and a pioneer, continues to be one of the few countries in the World in which broadband internet access is readily available to just about any would-be user anywhere in the country, with connectivity of over 99%.

Singapore has aggressive plans for networking and a close relationship between government and industry. The government clearly sees the Internet as a strategic infrastructure and a segment to be nurtured (along with water, oil, power, telecommunications, housing, and others). Singapore's domestic market is small, soThey are forced to concentrate on multinational enterprise. The Internet is clearly both a multinational enterprise in its own right and infrastructure necessary to support other multinational enterprises. Their focus on the Internet as a strategic resource is evidenced by the IT 2000 plan, the IT education plan, Singapore ONE, and STIX.

In a government-led initiative to connect the island in a high-speed broadband network using various mediums such as fiber, DSL and cable, the Singapore ONE project was formally announced in June 1996, and commercially launched in June 1998.

In 1997, commercial trials for Singapore Telecommunications' (SingTel) ATM-based "SingTel Magix" service were undertaken in March, before being launched in June. Also in June, Singapore Cable Vision commenced trails for its cable modem based services, before being commercially deployed in December 1999. Singtel's ADSL service was subsequently rolled out on a nation-wide scale in August 2000.

Singapore Broadband Subscribers: 3,996,600 (76.5% wireless, 12.9% xDSL, 10.4% cable modem, 0.2% others) as of June 2008Typical pricing (residential consumers only):•Cable: Unlimited traffic, 100 Mbit/s down, 2 Mbit/s up: SGD 124.12 per month (Source: StarHub)•ADSL: Unlimited traffic, 10 Mbit/s down, 1 Mbit/s up: SGD 69.29 per month (Source: SingNet)2. Connectivity to and from Singapore to USSingapore is an international financial, trade and shipping center, and sees international connectivity as a priority. The primary upstream link is a 45 mbps like to North America which is shared by the three ISPs. The three ISPs share traffic today on 2 mbps links within the country today, but that will be cut over to Singapore ONE, with the current links remaining in place as backup and redundancy.

References1.Annual Survey on Infocomm Usage in Households and by Individuals for 2006, published 3 March 20072.The World Factbook, Singapore3.Statistics on Telecom Services for 2008 (Jan - Jun)". Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore.