Describe the similarites and differences in the founding of Virgiania and New England colonies.

Essay by SlvrDrgnHigh School, 11th gradeA+, October 2004

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The two colonies of Virginia and New England were vastly different but not without similarities. While New Englanders came almost purely for religious reasons, Virginians came to make a profit. While New Englanders had a balanced economy, Virginia's economy was based on the exportation of tobacco. But the two colonies were similar in that they were, to a point, self-governing.

The Puritans came to settle in the colonies to escape from the religious persecution they were experiencing back at England. They also came so that they could set up their own way of worship. To that end they brought their entire family over and started building their colony from the beginning. The Virginians, on the other hand, came to make their fortunes and so mostly young, single men who had no chance back at England came. They couldn't find gold so they settled on growing tobacco in plantations. Where families would leave England to live in New England, mostly single men would come to Virginia for the back breaking work of growing tobacco.

As a result the number of men to women in Virginia was very wide. Women were scarce in Virginia and would continue to be scarce until after 1630, when the price of tobacco stabilized and men concentrated on building families.

From the start New England's soil was rocky and hard to cultivate, but New Englanders made a living from making and selling commodities to new settlers coming from England. But at the end of the Great Migration in 1640 the New Englanders had to look for more sources of income. To this end they developed their fish industry, "raised corn and wheat, bred cattle, cut timber, and build ships". With these ships they brought their goods up and down the coast and the profits back to New...