How did Hitler use propaganda to gain support?

Essay by KeirHigh School, 10th grade May 2006

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"Propaganda attempts to force a doctrine on the whole people... Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea."--Adolf Hitler. These words showed Hitler's awareness of the importance of propaganda--a means that helped him to gain support from the people. The fact that Hitler became chancellor in 1933 gave the Nazis more freedom and opportunities to use propaganda to spread their ideas of National Socialism. In 1933, the set up of the Reich Chamber of Commerce gave Nazis the right to control and filter the culture--literature, art, films, radio, etc--that citizens were exposed to. And the Nazis Teacher's Association controlled the education of children. Through these three means of propaganda: posters, films, and education, Hitler was able to consolidate his position as the Fuhrer, and gain new supporters.

Education played an important part in cultivating faithful and reliable followers for the Nazi Party.

The Nazis controlled what was to be taught in school. For example, 97% of the teachers in Germany were members of the Nazi Teacher's Association, where they were trained to teach the Nazi curriculum. Most teachers were willing to join the Nazi Teacher's Association because if they got reported for saying things that opposed to the Nazi curriculum at school, they would face troubles from the Nazis or lose their jobs. Subjects were changed to benefit the Nazis. For example, biology was about race and racial purity; both concepts were the foundations for Hitler's racism and anti-Semitism. Therefore, children were taught according to the Nazi curriculum, which was a huge benefit for Hitler. In Nazi Germany, a post-school activity called Hitler Youth was very popular among boys; by 1933 its membership reached 100,000. Because Hitler's expectations of the youth were "swift, tough, and...