Different types of cheating and foul play, and how

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorCollege, Undergraduate February 2008

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As financial and sporting rewards become greater, athletes and sportsman are doing everything in their powers to succeed at the top level. Jones J.G. and Pooley J.C show this, "So great are the material rewards for success in sport that the pressure on a team to win are often intense (p22).

However, sometimes the line between fair play and cheating is crossed, in this essay I am going to examine cheating in sport, both competitive and recreational. I will examine the definition of cheating and the problems that occur when trying to define it. And I will examine fair play, and give examples of how sometimes cheating is not always as clear-cut as it is thought.

The accusation of cheating is often branded around the sporting arena regularly, but what actually is cheating? Prof. Dr D. Rosenberg, of Brock University suggests that there are two types of cheating, these are, Incontest and Noncontest.

Rosenberg gives an example of a soccer player; "who gets away with tipping the ball into the goal with his hand on a cross commits incontest cheating" ( Rosenberg, 1994, p6).

This example shows what is meant by incontest cheating, incontest cheating is the act of cheating or deception during the game or sport concerned. Rosenberg believes that the particular soccer player in the example used, has made a conscious decision on the spot there and then to cheat to increase his chances of benefiting. Another example used by Rosenberg is of a basketball player who deliberately commits a physical foul on another player without being detected, but doesn't confess to doing so, this again is another example of incontest cheating. However, Rosenberg highlights another area of incontest cheating to look at, the example he uses is as follows: "Similarly the volleyball player who spikes a match...