What do we learn about the Area of Study- Change from these items? (Consider how these items reinforce, alter or enhance your understanding of Change as an Area of Study)

Essay by joeyassHigh School, 11th gradeA+, May 2006

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Change is seen as the ability to make or become different. The philosopher Heraclites once stated that "There is nothing permanent except change". This shows that everything is constantly changing, and supports the notion that change is inevitable. Oliver Twist, by Charles Dickens, Robert Owen 1771-1858 by Adam Anderson and Billy by Pamela Stephenson all demonstrate the process of change, and the different concepts that change can partake. Through studying these texts we learn a lot about the nature of change. Some of the notions of change which have become evident is that face that change can occur for the better, or for the worse, change happens over time, change can sometimes require a catalyst and that it is a natural instinct to resist change.

The extract from Oliver Twist clearly helps to support and further reinforce the notion of change occurring for the worst. Oliver's living conditions have been deemed inadequate by authorities and hence, he is sent to a workhouse, which is seen to be 'for the better' due to the fact that there is a female in the household, and that is what Oliver was lacking.

This is however clearly not the case, as the conditions presented are far worse than his previous residence. The lady in charge of the workhouse "... appropriated the greater part of the weekly stipend for her own use, and consigned the rising parochial generation to even a shorter allowance than was originally provided for them". The children suffered neglect and suffered malnutrition due to the lack of food which they received.

The notion of change presented above is challenged in Robert Owen 1771-1858, which shows that change can also occur for the better. The children's living conditions during the Industrial Revolution were appalling, and Robert Owen "spent his life fighting for...