Essay by josieloo212Junior High, 9th gradeA+, May 2003

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Dyslexia: A condition some people are born with, which is primarily

characterized by difficulty with language.

Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific

language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in

single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing

abilities. These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected in

relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result

of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment.

Common problems of dyslexia are slowness at acquiring spoken language

and difficulties with speech such as a lisp, or a sound that can't be pronounced.

Dyslexics are often late talkers. Confusion between words of similar meaning is

not uncommon. like, saying desert when meaning beach.

Dyslexics have difficulty processing information. Think of two children off

to play tennis. The first has a bag to carry the balls. The second has too many

balls and nothing to carry them in.

The first child quickly arrives at the courts.

The second child drops some of the balls but gets there in the end. Its like the

same for dyslexics. Pieces of information get lost along the way and it takes time

to get information across. Once this information is received the dyslexic child has

no special difficulties working things out and remembering them. Immediate

memory or working memory is a resource of the brain that saves information and

ideas we are working with. Some people have amazing immediate memory and

can remember not only pages of information but also the layout of the

information. Others can remember everything that was said, who said it and the

context in which it was said. Most people have enough immediate memory to

enable them to hold information they are working with.

The following quote is from T.R. Miles...