Essay by QbanitaUniversity, Master'sA+, October 2004

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Dyslexia is one of the several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing abilities. Dyslexia is manifested by variable difficulty with different forms of language, often including, in addition to problems reading, a conspicuous problem with acquiring proficiency in writing and spelling.

Dyslexic individuals who get effective phonological training in Kindergarten and 1st grade, they will have significantly fewer problems in learning to read at grade level than do children who are not identified or helped until 3rd grade. For those who have not acquired phonological training by 1st grade, software programs, such as the Language Tune-Up Kit, is a highly effective approach that teaches the dyslexic student how to read.

The causes for dyslexia are neurobiological and genetic. Research shows that individuals inherit the genetic links for dyslexia. One of your immediate family members (parent, spouse, aunt, uncle, brother, or sister) is dyslexic, more than likely one of your children could be dyslexic.

Thought to be genetic and hereditary, some forms of dyslexia can also be caused when hearing problems at an early age affect a person's language comprehension skills. Doctors still don't know for sure what causes dyslexia, but they say there is a correlation between left-handedness and the learning disability in many families. It is estimated that 1 in 10 children is dyslexic. More males are affected than females.

Dyslexic children can usually succeed at the same levels as others once they are diagnosed and start receiving extra support and attention at home or school. Children suspected of suffering from dyslexia undergo a series of reading, spelling, drawing, math and intelligence tests, as well as visual tests, laterally tests, visual scanning tests, sequencing and other tests to examine which brain...