Early Colonial America

Essay by didieve January 2006

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In early colonial America, there were thirteen colonies. The English and Dutch started them all, but those colonies varied indefinitely. The two primary regions of the colonies were the Chesapeake and the New England Regions. Due to the differences in cultures at the very beginning created two very different American cultures. The first permanent English settlement in America was Jamestown, Virginia. Jamestown began as a business venture and then failed. Later, a Virginia Company of London, which was a joint stock company, organized and sent one hundred and four colonists into Virginia in 1607. From here, I will show how the arrival of Europeans affected the environment of North America.

In a ships list bound for Virginia it is shown that there were no families aboard, just primarily single men and a hand full of single women. Also the list shows that the people aboard had no history in mining, instead there were people sent over that were perfumists and other needless expertise.

The New England region had quite a different attendance, on a ships list bound for New England; there were many families with relevant work abilities. The amount of families attributed significantly to the survival rate being much greater than Chesapeake Bay's.

John Winthrop, a leader of the puritans wrote "God almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind [that in all times some must be rich, some poor, and some high and eminent in power and dignity, other mean and in subjection...[yet] we must be knit together in this work as one man". These words spoken by John Winthrop show how the New England region was prosperous from the beginning. The New Englanders acquired ability or was established in their daily religion to form together and work as...