Early History of Israel

Essay by atigg929College, UndergraduateA-, January 2008

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History of Israel Goranson

Early History of Israel

World Regional Geography

Geo 111




Table of Contents

Introduction 3

Crusaders 3

Ottoman Rule 4

Zionism 6

British Rule 7

Immigration 7

Administration 8

World War II 9

Holocaust 9

Road to Independence 10

Bibliography 11


The history of the Israel is one that is riddled with conflict after conflict. The Jews have been sold into slavery, burnt alive, exiled, and/or massacred. Suffice to say that Israel's history is a turbulent one.

The Land of Israel was divided for many years into two rival and sometimes warring states -- the smaller kingdom of Judah in the south, and the larger, more powerful kingdom of Israel to the north. (Katz) The latter, weakened by internal dissensions between rival dynasties and recurrent wars with the kingdom of Syria (Damascus), succumbed in 721 to the Assyrians, its inhabitants being largely deported and replaced by new settlers.

Their history goes on and on. If I was, to start with 1300 B.C. there would be more pages than one could read in one seating. Therefore, I will begin Israel's history around 1099 A. D.

The Crusaders (1099-1291)

Over the next 200 years, the Crusaders who, following an appeal by Pope Urban II came from Europe to recover the Holy Land from the infidels dominated the country. In July 1099, after a five-week siege, the knights of the First Crusade and their army captured Jerusalem, massacring most of the city's non-Christian inhabitants. Barricaded in their synagogues, the Jews defended their quarter, only to be burned to death or sold into slavery. During the next few decades, the Crusaders extended their power over the rest of the country, partly through treaties and agreements, but mostly by bloody military victories. The Latin Kingdom of the Crusaders...