The Early History of Moscow

Essay by polstallion January 2008

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The early history is not entirely clear on when Moscow was first civilized. Although, there are many archaeological finds that support theories of people settling there in the Stone Age. These theories are supported by ideas that these people did not wander for food but rather setup a hunting territory. However, in the early 8-9-th century B.C, Moscow was settled by the D’yakovo culture (Kirchner 3-4). This culture was very skilled in their iron work and continued to adapt and advance their skills as time went by. Around the 6-7-th century A.D period there was a crisis for the D’yakovo as their culture completely vanished, with reasons unknown. No culture came to replace them until the mid 11-th century when the Slavs started their civilization. It was in this time period that Moscow was officially founded and the first documentation of it was recorded in 1147 (22). It is from this time that Moscow continued to advance to what it is today.

In 1991 the USSR was dissolved and in the same year Moscow became the capital of the Russian Federation. Moscow today is Russia’s most prosperous city; Moscow has a population of over ten million within the city area (Wikipedia). It is also home to many historical architecture marvels, but the two most recognizable are the Kremlin and Saint Basil’s Cathedral that are located in the red square. Commissioned by Ivan the IV, Saint Basil’s Cathedral has been preserved and is best known for its extraordinary design. The Moscow Kremlin is also an important structure as it is made up of palaces, cathedrals, and it also serves as both a residence and workplace for the President of Russia (Wikipedia). Moscow is also home to a large number of museums and galleries, with collections that are very much comparable...