East Coast Canadian Fisheries

Essay by fh09 May 2004

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The East Coast fishing industry is essential and vastly important to Atlantic Canadian society and the Canadian economy. This paper will examine the evolution, including the rise and fall of various aspects of the fishing industry and the different types of fishing within the Canadian fishing industry. It will also look at why the Canadian fisheries are struggling and examine the ways in which to save the industry.


Fishing on the East Coast was started by the Canadian Aboriginals in Atlantic Canada who solely depended on the fish for their survival. Aboriginal fisherman in Canada fished for at least 11 000 years before the Europeans took over the industry. The aboriginals fished in many different locations and regions on Canada's east coast. This happened in part because Canada's Atlantic coastal geography ranges from place to place. It is rugged in Newfoundland and Labrador, while more south in the Gulf of St.

Lawrence it is a beached landscape. The aboriginals fished for many different species of animals. There was a wide range of whale, porpoise, and seal species. The aboriginals fished the Atlantic walrus to near extinction. Today, only a few remain in specific places. Fish were hunted in freshwater as well as salt water, this is still the case today. Some freshwater fish that were fished by the aboriginals are brook trout, lake trout, whitefish, pickerel, pike and perch. The most hunted saltwater fish are gasper, salmon and striped bass.


The modern Canadian fishing industry came into existence in the 1800's when Europeans settled in Canada. Fishing became important for not only food but for employment. Fishing in Canada became very prosperous, though in recent years the Fisheries on the East Coast have been struggling enormously. Recently, among other things, over fishing has caused the Eastern...