Easter Island

Essay by libo100_usUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, April 2005

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Archeologists suggest that Easter Island had a large population ranged from 7000 to as many as 20,000 people during the time. In just a few centuries, the people of Easter Island wiped out their forest, drove their plants and animals to extinction, and their complex society and civilization was downfallen. Since then, Island's population dropped to 2000 when Roggeveen discovered Easter Island in 1722. Diamond hopes that we should learn from this history of overpopulation, which Easter Island as an example of increasing population result a shortage of food, and exhaustion of natural recourses. As the forests are depleted, the quality of life falls, and then order is lost. Diamond uses the Easter Island as an epitome of Earth, which a rising population confronts shrinking resources. He believes that we can learn from Easter islanders' experience, and human can choose not to let the fate of Easter Island repeat on the planet of earth.

He hopes the example of Easter Island should be enough for us to reconsider our current practices. Easter Island's history consistent with the theories of Malthus, The food supply is unable to keep up with the rising human population, in which poverty, famine and population decline are the natural outcome of overpopulation. Easter Island's history also consistent with the theory of Boserup, "deforestation" eventually, many of these societies simply became deforested, run out of wood and could not produce the tools they needed to produce food. Those societies did not find solution for population growth; they stagnated or disappeared just like Easter Island. Easter Island is relevant to population case studies shown in the video, we can descry that increasing population puts a huge pressure on natural recourses in India. Overpopulation also brings poverty and inaccessibility of education, in which most of women do have...