Ebola Essay

Essay by Prulific7University, Bachelor'sA+, October 2014

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Ebola Vaccine Trials

Prudence Blackman


September 8, 2014

Mrs. Nita Magee-Cornelius





Ebola Vaccine Trials

The article in review: "Human Trials begin for Ebola vaccines" (Weintraub, 2014).

There are many infectious diseases in the world that may be dangerous and lead to death. Some of these diseases may have medication to help prolong life, while some are still being tested and trying to find a cure. I will be giving a brief overview of this deadly disease and the events leading up to them attempting to have human trials for the Ebola vaccine.

The Ebola virus disease, also formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic fever is a rare but deadly virus that causes bleeding inside and outside of the body. "It damages the immune system and organs" (CDC, n. d.). Ultimately, it causes levels of blood-clotting cells to drop. This leads to severe, uncontrollable bleeding and death.

Outbreaks have a fatality rate of up to 90%, "the kill rate in humans with Ebola is 9 out of 10" (Preston, 1999). Ebola's transmission to humans occurs via broken skin or bodily fluids of an infected person's blood or body fluids (urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen), objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected body fluids or infected animals, such as monkeys, chimps, or fruit bats.

First outbreak was in 1976 in Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter was in a village situated near the Ebola River, from which the disease gets the name. The most recent outbreak began in Guinea and spread to Sierra Leone, Liberia and Senegal. Currently "3,944 people are affected with Ebola, according to the WHO. More than half of them have died. The epidemic is raging out of control in Liberia...