Economic View of Slavery

Essay by jenhussCollege, Undergraduate July 2005

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Slavery was caused by economic factors of the english settlers

in the late 17th century. Colonists continually tried to allure

laborers to the colony. The headright system was to give the

indentured servant, a method of becoming independent after a number of

years of service. Slavery was caused by economic reasons. Colonists

chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude, inorder to facilitate their

need for labor. The decreasing population combined with a need for a

labor force, led colonists to believe that African slaves were the

most efficient way to acquire a labor force that would satisfy their


Before the 1680's, Indentured Servitude was the primary source

of labor in the newly developed colonies. After the 1680's, the

population of the Indentured Servants decreased, exponentially. Their

were a number of different reasons why the population of Indentured

Servents had decreased. The indentured servents were running away from

their temporary masters, to find a job where he could become more

independent. Indentured servents were also dying of many diseases,

which was caused by harsh conditions. The immigration of servents thus

declined, becuase of the people in England being informed of the harsh

treatment in the colonies. The society was where the land was easy to

find, while the labor was most scarce. Indentured servitude, was a

form of labor which was declining, and the need for labor increased


In the 1600's, when tobacco was founded by John Rolfe, tobacco

became the main source of income for most of the colonists. The

economic prosperity of the colonies was primarily dependent on the

amount of tobacco produced. The growing of tobacco, needed a large

amount of land, with a large stable work force. The increased demand

for a large, stable work force combined with the availability of

African slaves, led to...