How effective were Mahatma Gandhi's actions in encouraging non-violence in India?

Essay by ershadtjyHigh School, 10th grade February 2010

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A. Plan of the InvestigationMany have attributed India’s independence to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , also known as Mahatma Gandhi, and his followers. Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement is famous throughout the world for its success in giving India her independence. The aim of my essay will be to find out exactly how effective Gandhi’s actions were in encouraging non-violence in India. I also aim to find out whether the effects of his actions, if any, were long lasting. We can safely assume that if the concept of non-violence lasted for a long time in India, then Gandhi’s actions must have been effective. This essay will also explore the basis for many people’s assumptions that non-violence was the only cause for the British withdrawal from India.

B. Summary of EvidenceMahatma Gandhi’s crowning achievement must be his role in removing British presence in India. He worked thirty years to achieve his dream, and on August 14 and 15, 1947, British India was divided into the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India respectively.

Gandhi had undergone many trials and tribulations in his effort to rid India of the British presence, and he was assassinated on 30 January, 1948, by a Hindu radical who accused him of weakening India because he had forced the government to pay a sum of 550 million rupees to Pakistan. Some blamed Gandhi for causing India’s partition, which caused hundreds of thousands of deaths.

Mahatma Gandhi’s fight for India’s independence began with the people. He tried to build facilities for the poor, such as schools and hospitals, as well as sanitizing the villages. He encouraged the people to fight against social evils. When he was arrested by the authorities, and accused of creating unrest, hundreds of thousands of people rallied for his release. Eventually, the government was forced...