The Effects of Global Warming

Essay by bertofrayUniversity, Bachelor's April 2006

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Last year the Caribbean region experienced a record-breaking hurricane season; if you think this is coincidental, a study of global warming may give you other ideas. Global warming which is the term used to describe the trend of increases in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans that has been observed in recent decades. Global warming occurs because carbon monoxide and other chemical emissions remain trapped beneath the ozone layer and as a result, the earth becomes warmer. The effects of global warming have already been witnessed and the potential future effects may lead to the extinction of the human race.

Global warming would result in total disruption in the world as we know it today as it would affect the ecosystem, people, world finances, increase diseases and lead to an increase in natural disasters. In observing the potential impact on the ecosystem (combination of all living and non-living elements in a given area.),

the extinction of animals, plants and land formations are foremost. It is strongly suggested that over 120 species of amphibians (the group of organisms that includes frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians) have become extinct in the 1980s due to global warming. The Golden Toad of Monteverde, Costa Rica was among the first casualties of amphibian declines. Formerly abundant, it was last seen in 1989. According to Dr. Jay Malcolm, an Assistant Forestry Professor at the University of Toronto (writing in the Scientific Daily Magazine dated April 12, 2006), "Climate change is rapidly becoming the most serious threats to the planet's biodiversity, this study provides even stronger scientific evidence that global warming will result in catastrophic species loss across the planet." Animals are not the only living organism under the threat of extinction however as plants are also being negatively affected by global...