English Colonies, North And South

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate September 2001

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During the 17th century there were many colonial settlements made by England. English colonies were very prosperous in the New World. Two very important colonial settlements were the New England area and the Chesapeake region. Although both of these colonies were English settlements, they were extremely different in many ways. They were different from each other in political, social, and economic ways. They may have been similar at the start of their settlements but by the start of the 18th century, they had very different characteristics.

The New England region was to the northern part of America and the Chesapeake region was one of the more southern settlements. The geography of these two regions can explain a lot about why they evolved into such different societies. The colonists in New England had to adapt to its land configuration. The land New England was on was very rocky and could not support many crops.

The men used the wood from the nearby forests to build ships and learned to master the ways of commerce. This is why New England had some small farms but mainly relied upon commercial means of income.

In contrast, the land of the Chesapeake region to the south was very different. In the Chesapeake region there was a vast amount of open, fertile land ready for crops. In this southern region, almost every family that lived there resided on a large plantation. Because the land was so fertile, the men in the Chesapeake region relied mainly on farming for their income. In the South it did not matter how rich you were; just about everyone put in a hard day's work in the fields every day. The South did not even have roads. The "roads" in the South were just dirt roads that were in such bad...