this essay compares the skeletal system between a tiger and an ant

Essay by argoHigh School, 12th gradeA-, May 2002

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This essay will compare the skeletal systems of an ant and a tiger.

Tigers, like other mammals and birds have an endoskeleton. That is to say that their skeleton on the inside of their body as opposed to insects which have an exoskeleton that covers their entire body.

A Tiger typically reaches a height of about one meter at its shoulder. A tiger will reach around two to three meters from head to rear with a tail that extends about a meter. Tigers range in size from the smallest Sumatrans, in which the females weigh from 75-100 kg; males weigh from 100-140 kg, to the largest Bengal tigers, in which the females weigh 100-160, males weigh 180 to 258 kg.

The collarbone or "clavicle" is not directly attached to the skeleton of the cat but is instead attached to the body by muscle.

The skeleton of the tiger is designed for efficient movement and speed to catch and kill the prey.

Tiger's legs are designed to be longer giving them a long step length. Their legs are also designed to stand on their toes elevating them from the ground and giving them more power and length to each step. The shoulder blades of a Tiger are situated on the sides of the body rather than on the back so that the shoulders swing with each step extending each stride.

Tigers have thirty vertebrae that extend all the way to the tail. This is five more than are found in humans. The spine of a Tiger is flexible. During a high speed chase the stomach muscles tighten which bends the spine like a bow. When the muscles relax it gives the Tiger explosive power in its next stride. The tail acts as a rudder for the cat and also to...