Essay - Industrial Revolution

Essay by Christopher GarciaCollege, UndergraduateA-, September 1995

download word file, 4 pages 3.7

The Industrial Revolution- defined as 'the change from an agricultural to

an industrial civilization that took place from about the middle of the 18th century

to the middle of the 19th century.' Sounds like it's unimportant, doesn't it? That

could not be any further from the truth. The Industrial Revolution was neither

sudden nor swift. It was a long, slow process in which production from hand

tools to machines and in which new sources of power such as steam and

electricity replaced human and animal power. The Industrial Revolution did not

only convert the patterns of work in nations, but completely transformed the way

of life.

During the early years of the Industrial Revolution, the transition

from hand to machine labor was very slow. In the first ten years of the Industrial

Revolution, the demand for clothes was to be met by hand labor. Since hand

labor wasn't productive enough, not very much money was made.

This led to

the factory system, which brought about it own inventions. One key 'invention'

was the idea of crop rotation by Robert Taunted. The idea of crop rotation was

to rotate the crops that a farmer would plant in his field so the soil would not

wear out. Farmers also began to use new iron plows in place of less efficient

wooden plows. Harvesting crops also became much easier. This further

increased farm production. This brought about the Agricultural Revolution,

which set the stage for the Industrial Revolution. With more food now available,

the health and diets of the people improved. This contributed to the growth of

population which troubled the living conditions in most factory infested cities.

Population grew between 1750 and 1914 100%+ in most cities. Thousands of

workers were living in overcrowded houses. A family with 6...