This essay is a summary and analysis of Juliet Gainsborough's book "Fenced Off: The Suburbanization of American Politics." It looks at politics in the suburbs. IT IS ONLY A SUMMARY OF CHAPTERS 5-9.

Essay by bluecavi00University, Bachelor's April 2004

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In the field of political science, many researchers seek to explain why certain events occur based on politics and people's relationship to it. In Fenced Off: The Suburbanization of American Politics Juliet Gainsborough argues that people who live in suburbia identify and vote with the Republican Party. Gainsborough relates suburban political concerns and behaviors with those of the city. In the first four chapters of the book Gainsborough seeks to lay out the thesis and all the ways in which she supports it. The last five chapters of the book furthers her thesis by breaking down suburbia into different variables (that will later be explored in this paper) and making comparisons between old and new suburbs and the city. The overall theme of the last five chapter is that PLACE MATTERS.

One of the first distinctions of suburbia that Gainsborough makes is that an increased amount of people has reduced the interest in national politics and national issues.

People are concerned with what is happening close to them. Gainsborough brought this point out earlier chapters and continues with it early into Chapter 5 through some of the remaining chapters. For example, in Chapter 5 Gainsborough brings up the topic of federal spending on public programs. She states that people in the suburbs will oppose federal spending if it deals with programs for the poor. Home ownership and people who are married with children were among those who favor federal public spending the least (Gainsborough 74). She cites Edsall and Edsall in stating that "suburbanites increasingly associate government spending and services with the idea of taking money from the middle class to help the undeserving poor" (Gainsborough 76). She brings up a point that is less evident but can be seen in regards to public spending; living in a suburb...